Molecular Diagnostic Advances in Transplant Infectious Diseases

  • Brittany A. Young
  • Kimberly E. Hanson
  • Carlos A. GomezEmail author
Transplant and Oncology (M Ison, N Theodoropoulos and S Pergam, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Transplant and Oncology


Purpose of Review

The infectious complications of transplantation can have devastating consequences for patients. Early and accurate diagnosis is essential to good outcomes. This review describes recent advances in pathogen-directed diagnostic testing and discusses the role of new methods for transplant infectious diseases.

Recent Findings

Several molecular assays have been introduced into clinical practice in recent years. When the results of rapid testing are linked to patient-specific interventions, improved outcomes can be realized. Syndromic testing along with metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) represents novel approaches to infection diagnosis. However, the optimal use of these tests for transplant patients along with an overall assessment of cost-effectiveness demands further study.


Molecular diagnostics are revolutionizing transplant care. Clinicians need to be aware of the current diagnostic landscape and have a working knowledge of the nuances related to test performance, result interpretation, and cost.


Immunocompromised host Molecular testing Syndromic testing PCR-based assays Transplant infections, metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Brittany A. Young and Carlos A. Gomez declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Kimberly E. Hanson has served as a consultant for BioFire and T2 Diagnostics and received honoraria for this work.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brittany A. Young
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kimberly E. Hanson
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Carlos A. Gomez
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PathologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Associated Regional and University Pathologists Laboratories (ARUP)Salt Lake CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious DiseasesUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  4. 4.University of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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