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Update on Tick-Borne Bacterial Diseases in Travelers

  • Carole EldinEmail author
  • Philippe Parola
Tropical, Travel and Emerging Infections (L Chen and A Boggild, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Tropical, Travel and Emerging Infections

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Ticks are the second most important vectors of infectious diseases after mosquitoes worldwide. The growth of international tourism including in rural and remote places increasingly exposes travelers to tick bite. Our aim was to review the main tick-borne infectious diseases reported in travelers in the past 5 years.

Recent Findings

In recent years, tick-borne bacterial diseases have emerged in travelers including spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses, borrelioses, and diseases caused by bacteria of the Anaplasmataceae family.

Summary

African tick-bite fever, due to Rickettsia africae, is the most frequent agent reported in travelers returned from Sub-Saharan areas. Other SFG agents are increasingly reported in travelers, and clinicians should be aware of them. Lyme disease can be misdiagnosed in Southern countries. Organisms causing tick-borne relapsing fever are neglected pathogens worldwide, and reports in travelers have allowed the description of new species. Infections due to Anaplasmataceae bacteria are more rarely described in travelers, but a new species of Neoehrlichia has recently been detected in a traveler. The treatment of these infections relies on doxycycline, and travelers should be informed before the trip about prevention measures against tick bites.

Keywords

Rickettsia Tick-borne diseases Traveler Borrelia Ehrlichia Anaplasma 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aix Marseille University, IRD, AP-HM, SSA, Vecteurs-Infections Tropicales et Méditerranéennes (VITROME), IHU-Méditerranée InfectionMarseilleFrance

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