Ocular Syphilis: a Clinical Review
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While ocular syphilis is not a new phenomenon, recent increased rates of new diagnoses, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons and men who have sex with men, have sparked a new interest in an old disease. This article will review the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of ocular syphilis, and provide guidance on management.
KeywordsSyphilis Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related syphilis Ocular syphilis
The authors wish to thank the University of Washington, King County and Seattle Department of Public Health, and Madison Clinic.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Drs Woolston, Dhanireddy, and Marrazzo do not find any conflicts of interest.
This work was supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Cooperative Agreement 1U62PS004854, University of Washington Clinical Prevention Training Center.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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