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Application of Ultrasonography in the Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases in Resource-Limited Settings

  • Enrico BrunettiEmail author
  • Tom Heller
  • Joachim Richter
  • Daniel Kaminstein
  • Daniel Youkee
  • Maria Teresa Giordani
  • Samuel Goblirsch
  • Francesca Tamarozzi
Tropical, Travel and Emerging Infections (L Chen, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Tropical, Travel and Emerging Infections

Abstract

Ultrasound (US) has vast potential in the field of infectious diseases, especially so in resource-limited settings. Recent technological advances have increased availability and access to ultrasound in low-resource settings, where the burden of infectious diseases is greatest. This paper collates the evidence for the utilization of ultrasound and evaluates its effectiveness in the diagnosis and management of a range of infectious diseases. This paper explores the role of ultrasound in population-based screening for specific diseases as well as highlights its benefits for individual patient management. We describe the common diagnostic signs seen on US for common and neglected parasitic, bacterial, and viral diseases. We proceed to document the emerging field of chest US which is proving to be a superior imaging modality for the diagnosis of specific pulmonary conditions. We conclude by discussing the efforts needed to formalize and rigorously evaluate the role of ultrasound in infectious diseases.

Keywords

Ultrasound Infectious disease screening Imaging for disease detection Disease detection in resource-limited settings 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

All the authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrico Brunetti
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tom Heller
    • 3
  • Joachim Richter
    • 4
  • Daniel Kaminstein
    • 5
  • Daniel Youkee
    • 6
  • Maria Teresa Giordani
    • 7
  • Samuel Goblirsch
    • 8
  • Francesca Tamarozzi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Infectious DiseasesSan Matteo Hospital FoundationPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric SciencesUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  3. 3.Department of MedicineKlinikum Muenchen-PerlachMunichGermany
  4. 4.Tropical Medicine, Clinic of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious DiseasesHeinrich-Heine UniversityDüsseldorfGermany
  5. 5.Department of Emergency Medicine and Hospitalist Services, Medical College of GeorgiaAugusta UniversityAugustaUSA
  6. 6.King’s College HospitalLondonUK
  7. 7.Infectious and Tropical Diseases UnitSan Bortolo HospitalVicenzaItaly
  8. 8.Minneapolis Veterans Affairs HospitalMinneapolisUSA

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