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Hand Hygiene Compliance Monitoring: the State of the Art

  • Claudia Jarrin TejadaEmail author
  • Gonzalo Bearman
Healthcare Associated Infections (G Bearman, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Healthcare Associated Infections

Abstract

Hand hygiene is crucial to prevent transmission of hospital-acquired infections. The WHO recommends five moments for hand hygiene: (1) before patient contact, (2) before performing an aseptic task, (3) after exposure with body fluids, (4) after patient contact, and (5) after contact with patient’s surroundings. Nevertheless, hand hygiene compliance rates remain low among healthcare workers. Direct observation is the gold standard method for hand hygiene monitoring; however, it is time consuming and observer dependent. Technology has allowed the development of several other hand hygiene surveillance methods. In this article, we review the different modalities for hand hygiene compliance monitoring.

Keywords

Hand hygiene Healthcare workers Methods Compliance monitoring 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Claudia Jarrin Tejada and Gonzalo Bearman have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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