Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 620–626 | Cite as

Control of Drug-Resistant Pathogens in Endemic Settings: Contact Precautions, Controversies, and a Proposal for a Less Restrictive Alternative

Healthcare-Associated Infections (G Bearman and M Stevens, Section Editors)

Abstract

Contact precautions are routinely employed for the control of multidrug-resistant organisms. Robust measures, however, for the incremental benefit of contact precautions, gowns, gloves, and active detection and isolation strategies for the prevention of cross-transmission in endemic settings are lacking. Unintended consequences and adverse effects from contact precautions, including patient dissatisfaction with care, depression, medication errors, and fewer provider visits, have been reported. Universal gloving strategies in lieu of contact precautions have produced mixed results and raise concerns about a decrease in hand hygiene by glove wearers. We suggest that the use of a sound, horizontal infection prevention strategy that widely and consistently implements infection prevention best practices may be a sufficient and least restrictive alternative strategy for the control of endemic multidrug-resistant pathogens.

Keywords

Drug-resistant pathogens Endemic settings Contact precautions Multidrug-resistant pathogens 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to recognize Ms. Samantha McClure for her invaluable assistance with preparation of the final manuscript.

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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