Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 359–366

Ventricular Assist Device Infections

Cardiovascular Infections (DP Devine, Section Editor)


Ventricular Assist Devices(VAD) are the commonest form of cardiac mechanical support, used as bridge to transplantation but also as destination therapy in non-transplant-eligible patients in whom transplantation is considered unsuitable based on age criteria. Infections are common and can significantly impact on patient outcome. Strategies to prevent and treat infections have not been assessed by randomised controlled trials, a difficult task due to the multiplicity of devices and their ongoing evolution. This review summarises the recent literature on infections in VAD-supported patients, including the recently proposed definitions, microbiology, diagnosis, treatment and preventive strategies.


Ventricular assist device Bacteraemia Driveline infection Pocket infection 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Infectious Diseases and MicrobiologyAlfred Health, and Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryAlfred Hospital and Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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