Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 7–13 | Cite as

Empiric antifungal therapy in neutropenic cancer patients

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients and those patients with acute leukemia are at greatest risk for invasive fungal infections particularly due to Candida and Aspergillus species during periods of profound neutropenia. Empiric antifungal therapy in persistently febrile neutropenic patients has been adopted as a standard of care. Antifungal therapeutic options include: amphotericin B, lipid formulations of amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, and caspofungin. Amphotericin B preparations offer a beneficial effect for survival, defervescence, and a decrease in breakthrough fungal infections. Lipid formulations of amphotericin B may provide beneficial effects over amphotericin B with regard to survival, treatment of baseline fungal infection, breakthrough fungal infection, and fewer discontinuations due to lack of efficacy. Amphotericin B compounds produce a trend for better outcomes in defervescence, treatment of baseline fungal infections, prevention of breakthrough infections, and avoidance of discontinuation compared with the azoles. Caspofungin is also effective. The optimal empiric antifungal agent and the precise time of initiation remain to be determined.

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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Henderson SiteHamilton Health SciencesHamiltonCanada

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