Effect of Garlic’s Active Constituents in Inflammation, Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease


Purpose of Review

Several studies have attributed garlic’s beneficial properties to its high content of organosulfur compounds (OSCs). Here, we summarized recent studies published and some own findings regarding OSCs and its effects on cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and obesity.

Recent Finding

The analysis of the multiple actions produced by OSCs suggests that many of its bioactivities interfere against inflammation, oxidative stress, obesogenic effects, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Accumulating evidence from in vitro, animal, and human studies reinforce the notion that OSCs modify signaling pathways that trigger chronic diseases, and to highlight, actions over these pathways are related to the treatment of disorders addressed in this review.


Garlic’s bioactive OSCs behave like a nutraceutical panacea because they cover a broad spectrum of applications with promising impact for the prevention and treatment of prevalent chronic pathologies associated with low-grade inflammation.

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Fig. 1


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Quesada, I., de Paola, M., Torres-Palazzolo, C. et al. Effect of Garlic’s Active Constituents in Inflammation, Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease. Curr Hypertens Rep 22, 6 (2020).

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  • Garlic
  • Organosulfur compounds
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Overweight
  • Mitochondria dysfunction
  • Oxidative stress