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Using Telehealth to Disseminate Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary CVD Interventions to Rural Populations

  • Helene VilmeEmail author
  • Naomi N. Duke
  • Charles Muiruri
  • LaShawn Wordlaw
  • Asheley C. Skinner
Telemedicine and Technology (HB Bosworth, Section Editor)
  • 29 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Telemedicine and Technology

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This study aims to review the evidence on telehealth interventions in rural communities that use primary, secondary, or tertiary strategies for the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Recent Findings

Studies focused on the reduction of CVD risk factors and mitigation of disease progression among rural populations using telehealth are limited in number but appear to be increasing in the last 5 years. These studies suggest primary-, secondary-, and tertiary-level interventions can impact CVD risk and management. The current review found more studies addressing primary CVD intervention strategies, although the evidence for efficacy at all intervention levels is in the early stages.

Summary

Leveraging prevention strategies via telehealth may be an effective vehicle to facilitate improved CVD outcomes among populations traditionally marginalized by geographic location.

Keywords

Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease Secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease Tertiary prevention of cardiovascular disease Rural health Cardiovascular disease (CVD) Health disparities 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helene Vilme
    • 1
    Email author
  • Naomi N. Duke
    • 2
  • Charles Muiruri
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • LaShawn Wordlaw
    • 5
  • Asheley C. Skinner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Population Health SciencesDuke University School of MedicineDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine, Division of Primary Care, Department of PediatricsDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University CollegeMoshiTanzania
  4. 4.Department of Health Policy and ManagementUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  5. 5.Department of Public Health EducationNorth Carolina Central UniversityDurhamUSA

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