Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 694–702

Dietary Approaches to Prevent Hypertension

  • Lydia A. Bazzano
  • Torrance Green
  • Teresa N. Harrison
  • Kristi Reynolds
Prevention of Hypertension: Public Health Challenges (P Muntner, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11906-013-0390-z

Cite this article as:
Bazzano, L.A., Green, T., Harrison, T.N. et al. Curr Hypertens Rep (2013) 15: 694. doi:10.1007/s11906-013-0390-z

Abstract

Elevated blood pressure arises from a combination of environmental and genetic factors and the interactions of these factors. A substantial body of evidence from animal studies, epidemiologic studies, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled trials has demonstrated that certain dietary patterns and individual dietary elements play a prominent role in the development of hypertension. Changes in diet can lower blood pressure, prevent the development of hypertension, and reduce the risk of hypertension-related complications. Dietary strategies for the prevention of hypertension include reducing sodium intake, limiting alcohol consumption, increasing potassium intake, and adopting an overall dietary pattern such as the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet or a Mediterranean diet. In order to reduce the burden of blood pressure-related complications, efforts that focus on environmental and individual behavioral changes that encourage and promote healthier food choices are warranted.

Keywords

Hypertension High blood pressure Prevention Diet Fruits and vegetables Dietary patterns Macronutrients Micronutrients Sodium Potassium Magnesium Calcium Alcohol Fiber Functional foods 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lydia A. Bazzano
    • 1
    • 2
  • Torrance Green
    • 3
    • 4
  • Teresa N. Harrison
    • 5
  • Kristi Reynolds
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyTulane University School of Public Health & Tropical MedicineNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of Hospital MedicineOchsner Medical CenterNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysiologyTulane Hypertension and Renal Center of ExcellenceNew OrleansUSA
  4. 4.Department of Internal MedicineOchsner Clinic FoundationNew OrleansUSA
  5. 5.Department of Research & EvaluationKaiser Permanente Southern CaliforniaPasadenaUSA

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