High Blood Pressure: The Leading Global Burden of Disease Risk Factor and the Need for Worldwide Prevention Programs
It has been long recognized that hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality . Traditionally, a high burden of hypertension and its adverse consequences has been mistakenly thought to be an affliction of only economically developed countries . However, studies over the past two decades have reported that the majority of people in many economically developing countries have blood pressure above the levels considered optimal, with a high prevalence of hypertension present [3, 4, 5]. Although a high prevalence of hypertension in all world regions has been previously reported, a recent publication from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study has placed a renewed focus on the heavy toll high blood pressure is having in all regions of the world [6, 7].
What is the Global Burden of Disease?
The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) was initiated in 1992 as a collaborative effort between the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO)....
KeywordsHypertension Blood pressure Cardiovascular disease Global Burden of Disease Study Risk factor Prevention Treatment Epidemiology
Conflict of Interest
S. Bromfield declares that she has no conflict of interest.
P. Muntner has received payment from Amgen for serving as a consultant and for serving on an advisory board.
- 3.Singh RB, Suh IL, Singh VP, et al. Hypertension and stroke in Asia: prevalence, control and strategies in developing countries for prevention. J Hum Hypertens. 2000;14(10–11):749–63.Google Scholar
- 6.Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, et al. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet. 2005;365(9455):217–23.Google Scholar
- 7.Danaei G, Finucane MM, Lin JK, et al. National, regional, and global trends in systolic blood pressure since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 786 country-years and 5·4 million participants. Lancet. 2011;377(9765):568–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9.WHO. Global Burden of Disease (GBD). World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/en/index.html (2012). Accessed 27 Jan 2013.
- 10.Ezzati M. Annex 4.1: Comparative risk assessment in the Global Burden of Disease Study and the Environmental Health Risks. http://www.who.int/quantifying_ehimpacts/methods/en/wsh0007an4.pdf.
- 11.World Health Organization. The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/2004_report_update/en/index.html.