Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 134–136 | Cite as

High Blood Pressure: The Leading Global Burden of Disease Risk Factor and the Need for Worldwide Prevention Programs

  • Samantha Bromfield
  • Paul Muntner
Invited Commentary


It has been long recognized that hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality [1]. Traditionally, a high burden of hypertension and its adverse consequences has been mistakenly thought to be an affliction of only economically developed countries [2]. However, studies over the past two decades have reported that the majority of people in many economically developing countries have blood pressure above the levels considered optimal, with a high prevalence of hypertension present [3, 4, 5]. Although a high prevalence of hypertension in all world regions has been previously reported, a recent publication from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study has placed a renewed focus on the heavy toll high blood pressure is having in all regions of the world [6, 7].

What is the Global Burden of Disease?

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) was initiated in 1992 as a collaborative effort between the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO)....


Hypertension Blood pressure Cardiovascular disease Global Burden of Disease Study Risk factor Prevention Treatment Epidemiology 


Conflict of Interest

S. Bromfield declares that she has no conflict of interest.

P. Muntner has received payment from Amgen for serving as a consultant and for serving on an advisory board.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA

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