Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 316–322 | Cite as

The Diagnosis and Management of Syncope

  • Richard Sutton
  • Michele Brignole
  • David Benditt
  • Angel Moya
Invited Commentary


The European Society of Cardiology has recently revised its guidelines on the diagnosis and management of syncope. This article summarizes the recommendations of these guidelines, outlining the initial evaluation of transient loss of consciousness, risk stratification, diagnostic testing, and the recommended treatment for patients with syncope of various etiologies. Special points regarding the evaluation of syncope in children and the elderly are outlined, and the role of syncope management units in hospitals is discussed.


Transient loss of consciousness Evaluation Classification Pediatric Geriatric Guidelines Causes Etiology Testing Treatment Driving Syncope management units 



No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.


  1. 1.
    Moya A, Sutton R, Ammirati F, et al.: Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope (version 2009). Eur Heart J 2009, 30:2631–2671.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Sutton
    • 1
  • Michele Brignole
    • 2
  • David Benditt
    • 3
  • Angel Moya
    • 4
  1. 1.Imperial CollegeSt Mary’s HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Ospedale TilgullioLavagna (GE)Italy
  3. 3.Cardiac Arrhythmia CenterUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  4. 4.Hopital Val D’ HebronBarcelonaSpain

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