Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 261–267 | Cite as

Evidence for benefits of angiotensin receptor blockade beyond blood pressure control

Article

Abstract

Elevated levels of angiotensin II result in oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction, which initiate atherogenic pathologic processes that are important in cardiovascular disease development. Angiotensin II induces its deleterious effects primarily through the type 1 receptor; these effects are inhibited by angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) directly at the receptor level. Angiotensin II may potentiate protective mechanisms through stimulation of the type 2 receptor, which is not blocked by ARBs. Accumulating data suggest that blockade of angiotensin II production or activity provides vascular and cardioprotective benefits, such as reduction of atrial fibrillation, acute myocardial infarction, and heart failure events. Moreover, blockade of the renin-angiotensin system has been shown to offer renal protection in subjects with and without diabetes mellitus and to reduce the risk of new-onset diabetes.

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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of Virginia Health CenterCharlottesvilleUSA

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