Current Hypertension Reports

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 174–179 | Cite as

New-onset diabetes in treated hypertensive patients

  • Paolo Verdecchia
  • Fabio Angeli
  • Gian Paolo Reboldi
  • Roberto Gattobigio
Article

Abstract

Interpretation of some recent trials in hypertension opened a debate on the clinical value of new-onset diabetes in treated hypertensive patients. It is not completely clear whether certain antihypertensive drug classes are associated with a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes when compared with other classes. Some longitudinal studies suggest that new-onset diabetes in treated hypertensive subjects carries a risk for subsequent cardiovascular disease similar to that of previously known diabetes. In a study, plasma glucose before treatment and diuretic treatment were independent predictors of newonset diabetes in hypertensive patients, independent of confounding factors. We estimated that one cardiovascular event associated with new-onset diabetes might be prevented for every 385 to 449 patients treated with "new," rather than "old," antihypertensive drugs for approximately 4 years. These observations suggest that concern about the risk for newonset diabetes should prompt a more judicious use of diuretics and β-blockers in the treatment of hypertension. These drugs should be given cautiously in subjects who are at increased risk for new-onset diabetes, owing to impaired fasting glucose or obesity. The lowest effective dose should be used, and plasma glucose should be carefully monitored.

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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Verdecchia
    • 1
  • Fabio Angeli
    • 1
  • Gian Paolo Reboldi
    • 1
  • Roberto Gattobigio
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Malattie CardiovascolariOspedale R. Silvestrini, Località S. Andrea delle FrattePerugiaItaly

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