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The effect of aldosterone on glucose metabolism

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There is an association of glucose intolerance and diabetes with primary aldosteronism, but the frequency and mechanisms are not clear. This paper reviews the possible mechanisms of impaired glucose metabolism in primary aldosteronism. Patients with primary aldosteronism can have impaired pancreatic insulin release and reduction in insulin sensitivity. These effects may be due to hypokalemia, but the evidence suggests other factors such as a direct impact of excess aldosterone on insulin action in contributing to the metabolic dysfunction. In general adrenal surgery in cases of aldosterone-producing adenoma will correct the metabolic abnormalities, but it is less sure if treatment with spironolactone in cases of idiopathic hyperplasia will correct impaired glucose tolerance.

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Corry, D.B., Tuck, M.L. The effect of aldosterone on glucose metabolism. Current Science Inc 5, 106–109 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11906-003-0065-2

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