Optimizing target-organ protection in patients with diabetes mellitus: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers?
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High blood pressure in the setting of type 1 and type 2 diabetes is commonly associated with the earlier development of target-organ damage, including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and progressive renal insufficiency. The major goal of treating high blood pressure in this population is to prevent or reduce the likelihood of targetorgan damage. The treatment goal for high blood pressure, therefore, has to be defined based on optimal means of preventing cardiovascular and renal events. The reduction of high blood pressure with pharmacologic therapy is associated with reduction of cardiovascular events, renal disease, and associated mortality. However, many questions remain. Some of the basic and important questions include the following: What should be the goal of treated blood pressure in the diabetic, and are there preferred agents that should be used in the hypertensive diabetic population? How do angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers fit in? Are there advantages of one class over the other? The goal of this review is to summarize the recent clinical trial findings and try to provide recommendations based on the evidence of these trials to help the clinician better choose blood pressure goals and treatment strategies in the diabetic population.
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