HIV and Aging in Mainland China: Implications for Control and Prevention Research
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Purpose of Review
The last 15 years have witnessed a dramatic change in HIV-related epidemiology amidst improvements in treatment and care in China. With proper treatment, HIV is now considered a chronic disease. As a consequence, many people living with HIV (PLWH) now present age-related comorbidities. We reviewed 13 topical issues concerning the epidemiology of aging with HIV in mainland China.
Many of aging-related issues associated with the biological and physical aspects of living with HIV addressed in mainland China are consistent with the global literature. Greater prevalence of age-related comorbidities among PLWH was observed. Beyond biological mechanisms associated with HIV infection and traditional risk factors, other factors play a vital role in the aging process among PLWH.
A stronger focus on screening, prevention, and management of non-HIV co-morbidities among PLWH is now warranted. Macro-social factors need to be integrated into next generation of clinical and/or behavioral HIV research to inform disease progression and management as well as prevention.
KeywordsAging HIV Age-related diseases Risk factors China
This research was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81773485, 81872671, 81803291) and the China National Science and Technology Major Projects on Infectious Diseases (2018ZX10721102-004) and partially supported by Shanghai Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission (GWTD2015S05).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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