A Review of Recent Literature on Trauma Among Individuals Living with HIV
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Persons living with HIV (PLWH) report disproportionately high levels of exposure to traumatic events in childhood and adulthood. Traumatic experiences are associated with negative health and behavioral outcomes. Current research in this area seeks to further explicate the myriad health effects of trauma on PLWH and the pathways through which trauma operates. In this paper, we review articles published in English between January 2014 and June 2015 that examine traumatic experiences among PLWH, including intimate partner violence (IPV), domestic abuse, child abuse, and other forms of violence. A selection of studies examining trauma among PLWH and its associations with mental health, antiretroviral medication adherence, clinical outcomes, HIV disclosure, and sexual risk behaviors were included. Studies describing trauma coping strategies and interventions were also included. We conclude with recommendations for care of trauma-exposed PLWH and directions for future research.
KeywordsHIV Trauma Mental health Adherence Clinical outcomes Risk behaviors Trauma-informed care
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Dr. LeGrand, Dr. Reif, Dr. Sullivan, Ms. Murray, and Dr. Whetten declare that they have no conflict of interest. Ms. Barlow is currently employed by Duke University, Center for Health Policy & Inequalities Research as a research analyst working on a variety of HIV-related and child-related studies.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance
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