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Current HIV/AIDS Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 133–141 | Cite as

Vitamin D in HIV-Infected Patients

  • Jordan E. LakeEmail author
  • John S. Adams
Article

Abstract

Observational studies have noted very high rates of low 25(OH)D (vitamin D) levels in both the general and HIV-infected populations. In HIV-infected patients, low 25(OH)D levels are likely a combination of both traditional risk factors and HIV-specific and antiretroviral therapy–specific contributors. Because of this unique risk profile, HIV-infected persons may be at greater risk for low 25(OH)D levels and frank deficiency and/or may respond to standard repletion regimens differently than HIV-uninfected patients. Currently, the optimal repletion and maintenance dosing regimens for HIV-infected patients remain unknown, as do potential benefits of supplementation that may be unique to the HIV-infected population. This paper reviews data published on HIV infection and vitamin D health in adults over the last year.

Keywords

Vitamin D 25(OH)D 1,25(OH)2HIV ART Efavirenz Tenofovir 

Notes

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

References

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Clinical AIDS Research and EducationDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.UCLA-Orthopaedic Hospital Research CenterDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA

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