Current Hepatitis Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 19–26

Update on Current Epidemiologic Trends in Hepatitis C

Article
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Abstract

Hepatitis C virus infection remains a leading cause of liver disease worldwide and is currently the principal reason for liver transplantation in the United States. Although the prevalence of hepatitis C has decreased, it remains the most common blood-borne infection, and simulation studies project rising disease burden that peaks in the next decade from hepatic complications in those with long-standing disease. Over the past few years, incidence rates have remained constant, emphasizing the need to understand more completely the natural history and epidemiology of acute disease to improve preventive and screening practices. Recent advances in knowledge about interactions between the virus and host genetics offer a glimpse into future genomic-based medical treatment. This review highlights current literature in hepatitis C epidemiology, focusing especially on preventable health care-related outbreaks, hepatitis B coinfection, and molecular epidemiology.

Keywords

Hepatitis C Prevalence Incidence Epidemiology Risk factors Infection control Injections Equipment contamination Substance abuse 

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Clinical Decision Making, Informatics, and Telemedicine, Department of MedicineTufts Medical CenterBostonUSA

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