Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 351–360 | Cite as

There’s Risk, and Then There’s RISK: The Latest Clinical Prognostic Risk Stratification Models in Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Myelodysplastic Syndromes (M Sekeres, Section Editor)


Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) include a diverse group of clonal hematopoietic disorders characterized by progressive cytopenias and propensity for leukemic progression. The biologic heterogeneity that underlies MDS translates clinically in wide variations of clinical outcomes. Several prognostic schemes were developed to predict the natural course of MDS, counsel patients, and allow evidence-based, risk-adaptive implementation of therapeutic strategies. The prognostic schemes divide patients into subgroups with similar prognosis, but the extent to which the prognostic prediction applies to any individual patient is more variable. None of these instruments was designed to predict the clinical benefit in relation to any specific MDS therapy. The prognostic impact of molecular mutations is being more recognized and attempts at incorporating it into the current prognostic schemes are ongoing.


Myelodysplastic syndrome MDS Prognostic scoring systems Prognosis Predictive biomarkers Prognostic schemes Risk stratification IPSS WHO FAB 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

A. Zeidan declares that he has no conflict of interest.

R. Komrokji has received grant and payment for development of educational presentations including service on speakers’ bureaus from Celgene.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oncologythe Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Malignant HematologyH Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research InstituteTampaUSA

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