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Remote Monitoring and Telemedicine in IBD: Are We There Yet?

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

Telehealth is the delivery of health care using the most recent technological advances. With the growing complexity of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care, telehealth allows for delivery of specialty services to an extended population. We reviewed the most recent literature on telehealth modalities, including patient-reported and disease outcomes associated with use of telehealth.

Recent Findings

Current methods of telemedicine include telehealth, remote patient monitoring, and the use of mobile applications. Remote patient monitoring via web applications has been studied with improvement in patient-reported quality of life, medication adherence, and decreased heath care costs. Mobile applications can be used for symptom reporting and alert the medical team if a patient is reporting increased symptoms. These web and mobile applications allow for treatment decisions to occur without the delay of an office visit. There remain limitations to telehealth including technological concerns, physician acceptance, and licensing and reimbursement inequities.

Summary

Telemedicine is a safe, effective, and accepted method of meeting the growing demand for complex IBD care throughout the world. The use of telehealth video conference and remote patient monitoring with web-based applications and text messaging has been shown to ease financial burdens of chronic disease, improve patient quality of life, and lead to improved clinical outcomes.

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References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Author information

Correspondence to Raymond K. Cross.

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Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All reported studies/experiments with human or animal subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines).

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This article is part of Topical Collection on Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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George, L.A., Cross, R.K. Remote Monitoring and Telemedicine in IBD: Are We There Yet?. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 22, 12 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-020-0751-0

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Keywords

  • Telehealth
  • Remote monitoring
  • Mobile health applications
  • Inflammatory bowel disease