Popular Weight Loss Strategies: a Review of Four Weight Loss Techniques

  • Jonathan ObertEmail author
  • Michelle Pearlman
  • Lois Obert
  • Sarah Chapin
Nutrition and Obesity (S McClave and J Obert, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nutrition and Obesity


Purpose of Review

The purpose of this paper is to review the epidemiology of obesity and the most recent literature on popular fad diets and exercise regimens that are used for weight loss. The weight loss plans that will be discussed in this article include juicing or detoxification diets, intermittent fasting, the paleo diet, and high intensity training.

Recent Findings

Despite the growing popularity of fad diets and exercise plans for weight loss, there are limited studies that actually suggest these particular regimens are beneficial and lead to long-term weight loss. Juicing or detoxification diets tend to work because they lead to extremely low caloric intake for short periods of time, however tend to lead to weight gain once a normal diet is resumed. Both intermittent fasting and the paleo diet lead to weight loss because of overall decreased caloric intake as well. Lastly, studies on short bursts of high intensity training have shown remarkable weight loss and improvements in cardiovascular health.


Review of the literature does suggest that some fad diets and exercise plans do lead to weight loss; however, the studies are quite limited and are all based on the concept of caloric restriction.


Obesity management Juicing Detox diets Intermittent fasting Paleo diet High intensity training 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Obert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michelle Pearlman
    • 2
  • Lois Obert
    • 3
  • Sarah Chapin
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and NutritionThe University of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA
  2. 2.Digestive and Liver DiseaseUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  3. 3.Spalding UniversityLouisvilleUSA
  4. 4.Galen College of NursingLouisvilleUSA

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