Current Gastroenterology Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 236–242

Helicobacter Pylori Persistence in Children: Distinguishing Inadequate Treatment, Resistant Organisms, and Reinfection

Pediatric Gastroenterology (SR Orenstein, Section Editor)


Helicobacter pylori is a worldwide infection that causes chronic gastritis, duodenal ulcers, and malignancy. Transmission of Helicobacter pylori within a family appears to be the predominant mode of contamination. Recurrence of the infection is frequently seen following treatment. Lack of eradication due to either inadequate treatment or resistant bacteria vs. reinfection have been explanations for detection of H. pylori following treatment. In this article we will discuss the concepts of inadequate treatment vs. resistant infection and reinfection as causes of persistent H. pylori infection.


Helicobacter pylori Eradication Resistance Reinfection Recurrence Recrudescence 


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Gastroenterology Fellow at the Digestive Disease and Nutrition Center, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Women and Children’s Hospital of BuffaloState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and NutritionUniversity of South AlabamaMobileUSA

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