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Current Gastroenterology Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 245–253 | Cite as

Symptomatology, pathophysiology, diagnostic work-up, and treatment of Hirschsprung disease in infancy and childhood

  • Fleur de Lorijn
  • Guy E. Boeckxstaens
  • Marc A. Benninga
Open Access
Article

Abstract

In the majority of infants and children with constipation, no obvious cause can be identified. A rare cause of constipation is Hirschsprung disease (HD). HD is characterized by the absence of ganglion cells from the anorectum for a variable length up to the duodenum. The extent of the aganglionic segment varies, but in most patients the lesion does not extend beyond the rectum and sigmoid colon. This review focuses on the passage of meconium, the recognition of HD, and new insights in its pathophysiology and genetics. The authors also provide a summary of the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of HD in infancy and childhood.

Keywords

Enteric Nervous System Internal Anal Sphincter Anorectal Manometry Contrast Enema Functional Constipation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fleur de Lorijn
  • Guy E. Boeckxstaens
  • Marc A. Benninga
    • 1
  1. 1.Gastroenterology and NutritionEmma Children’s Hospital AMC / Academic Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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