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The Global Burden of Diabetic Kidney Disease: Time Trends and Gender Gaps

  • Bernadette ThomasEmail author
Microvascular Complications—Nephropathy (M Afkarian and B Roshanravan, Section Editors)
  • 160 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Microvascular Complications—Nephropathy

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Diabetes mellitus prevalence is increasing throughout the world as a consequence of growing rates of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and westernization of lifestyle. It is currently unknown to what extent these trends affect the global burden of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). This review seeks to describe the global burden of DKD and how it has changed throughout time using recently released results of the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study.

Recent Findings

DKD prevalence has remained fairly stable at the global level and among many world regions since 1990. At the global level, the proportion of DKD deaths relative to other types of CKD is increasing.

Summary

Certain world regions still have very high rates of DKD, whereas other world regions have decreasing prevalence and mortality. Screening will likely play an important role in mitigating the growing burden within high-risk regions.

Keywords

Diabetic nephropathy Global burden of diabetic kidney disease Gender and diabetic kidney disease 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.

Supplementary material

11892_2019_1133_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (123 kb)
Appendix Figure 1 Proportion of chronic kidney disease deaths due to diabetic kidney disease at global, regional, and country levels for the years 1990 and 2017. (PDF 123 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Global HealthUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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