Current Diabetes Reports

, 18:61 | Cite as

Emerging Approaches in Surveillance of Type 1 Diabetes

  • Sharon SaydahEmail author
  • Giuseppina Imperatore
Diabetes Epidemiology (E Selvin and K Foti, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Diabetes Epidemiology


Purpose of Review

Surveillance of type 1 diabetes provides an opportunity to address public health needs, inform etiological research, and plan health care services. We present issues in type 1 diabetes surveillance, review previous and current methods, and present new initiatives.

Recent Findings

Few diabetes surveillance systems distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Most worldwide efforts have focused on registries and ages < 15 years, resulting in limited information among adults. Recently, surveillance includes use of electronic health information and national health surveys. However, distinguishing by diabetes type remains a challenge.


Enhancing and improving surveillance of type 1 diabetes across all age groups could include validating questions for use in national health surveys. In addition, validated algorithms for classifying diabetes type in electronic health records could further improve surveillance efforts and close current gaps in our understanding of the epidemiology of type 1 diabetes.


Type 1 diabetes Surveillance Registry Health survey Electronic health records 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Sharon Saydah and Giuseppina Imperatore declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. Government work and not under copyright protection in the US; foreign copyright protection may apply 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes TranslationAtlantaUSA

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