A Narrative Review of Physician Perspectives Regarding the Social and Environmental Determinants of Obesity
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Purpose of Review
Diet-related chronic diseases result from individual and non-individual (social, environmental, and macro-level) factors. Recent health policy trends, such as population health management, encourage assessment of the individual and non-individual factors that cause these diseases. In this review, we evaluate the physician’s perspective on the individual and non-individual causes and management of obesity.
Physicians generally rated individual-level causes (i.e., biology, psychology, and behavior) as more important than social or environmental factors in the development of obesity, and utilized individual-level strategies over social or environmental strategies to manage obesity.
This review suggests that clinicians perceive individual characteristics to be more important in the development and management of obesity than social or environmental factors. Additional research is needed to understand why.
KeywordsObesity Etiology Management Attitude of health personnel Social determinants of health Environmental determinants of health
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Ashley H. Noriea, Feenalie N. Patel, Debra A. Werner, and Monica E. Peek declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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