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Current Diabetes Reports

, 16:114 | Cite as

Sitting Less and Moving More: Improved Glycaemic Control for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Management

  • Paddy C. Dempsey
  • Neville Owen
  • Thomas E. Yates
  • Bronwyn A. Kingwell
  • David W. Dunstan
Lifestyle Management to Reduce Diabetes/Cardiovascular Risk (C Shay and B Conway, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Diabetes/Cardiovascular Risk

Abstract

Epidemiological evidence indicates that excessive time spent in sedentary behaviours (too much sitting) is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Here, we highlight findings of experimental studies corroborating and extending the epidemiological evidence and showing the potential benefits for T2D of reducing and breaking up sitting time across the whole day. We also discuss future research opportunities and consider emerging implications for T2D prevention and management. This new evidence is stimulating an expansion of diabetes-related physical activity guidelines—suggesting that in addition to moderate-vigorous physical activity, reducing and regularly interrupting prolonged sitting time is likely to have important and varied benefits across the spectrum of diabetes risk.

Keywords

Sitting Sedentary behaviour Breaks in sedentary time Physical activity Exercise Diabetes Insulin resistance Metabolic syndrome Prediabetes Glycaemic control Cardiovascular Cardiometabolic risk 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Neville Owen is supported by a NHMRC Program Grant (#569940) and a NHMRC Senior Principal Research Fellowship (#1003960) and the Victorian Government’s Operational Infrastructure Support Program. Thomas E. Yates helped develop and validate a diabetes prevention programme, Let’s Prevent Diabetes, selected to be part of Healthier You: The NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme in collaboration with Ingeus UK Limited. Bronwyn A. Kingwell is supported by a NHMRC Program Grant (#1036352) and a NHMRC Senior Principal Research Fellowship (#1059454) and the Victorian Government’s Operational Infrastructure Support Program. David W. Dunstan is supported by an NHMRC Senior Research Fellowship (#1078360) and the Victorian Government’s Operational Infrastructure Support Program and was invited keynote presenter at the 2nd Annual JustStand Wellness Summit in July 2012. His travel and housing expenses were covered by Ergotron Pty Ltd. No honorarium was received.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Paddy C. Dempsey, Neville Owen, Thomas E. Yates, Bronwyn A. Kingwell and David W. Dunstan declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paddy C. Dempsey
    • 1
    • 2
  • Neville Owen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Thomas E. Yates
    • 4
  • Bronwyn A. Kingwell
    • 1
    • 2
  • David W. Dunstan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Physical Activity, Behavioural Epidemiology, and Metabolic & Vascular Physiology LaboratoriesBaker IDI Heart and Diabetes InstituteMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing & Health SciencesMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Swinburne University of TechnologyMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester and NIHR Leicester-Loughborough DietLifestyle and Physical Activity Biomedical Research UnitLeicesterUK
  5. 5.Mary MacKillop Institute of Health ResearchAustralian Catholic UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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