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Current Diabetes Reports

, 16:102 | Cite as

Salivary Amylase: Digestion and Metabolic Syndrome

  • Catherine Peyrot des Gachons
  • Paul A. S. BreslinEmail author
Obesity (J McCaffery, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Obesity

Abstract

Salivary amylase is a glucose-polymer cleavage enzyme that is produced by the salivary glands. It comprises a small portion of the total amylase excreted, which is mostly made by the pancreas. Amylases digest starch into smaller molecules, ultimately yielding maltose, which in turn is cleaved into two glucose molecules by maltase. Starch comprises a significant portion of the typical human diet for most nationalities. Given that salivary amylase is such a small portion of total amylase, it is unclear why it exists and whether it conveys an evolutionary advantage when ingesting starch. This review will consider the impact of salivary amylase on oral perception, nutrient signaling, anticipatory metabolic reflexes, blood sugar, and its clinical implications for preventing metabolic syndrome and obesity.

Keywords

Salivary amylase Starch digestion AMY1 copy number variation Glucose homeostasis Insulin Metabolic syndrome 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful for useful early discussions with Louise Slade.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Catherine Peyrot des Gachons and Paul A.S. Breslin declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Peyrot des Gachons
    • 1
  • Paul A. S. Breslin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Monell Chemical Senses CenterPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological SciencesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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