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Current Diabetes Reports

, 16:100 | Cite as

Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products (RAGE) in Type 1 Diabetes Pathogenesis

  • Sherman S. Leung
  • Josephine M. Forbes
  • Danielle J. Borg
Pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes (A Pugliese, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes

Abstract

The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a novel protein increasingly studied in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (T1D). RAGE is expressed by several immune cell types, including T cells, antigen-presenting cells, endothelial cells, and the endocrine cells of the pancreatic islets. RAGE binds various ligands including advanced glycation end products (AGEs), high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1), S100 proteins, β-amyloid, β-sheet fibrils, and lipopolysaccharide. AGEs are a particularly interesting ligand because their exogenous introduction into the body can be accelerated by the consumption of AGE-rich processed foods. This review will detail RAGE isoforms and its ligands and discuss how RAGE binding on the aforementioned cells could be linked to T1D pathogenesis.

Keywords

Type 1 diabetes pathogenesis Receptor for advanced glycation end products Advanced glycation end products High-mobility group box protein 1 S100 calgranulins Immunology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

JMF is supported by a fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia; DJB is supported by a Diabetes Australia Research Grant (Y16G); SSL is supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award (The University of Queensland) and Frank Clair Scholarship (Mater Research); and the authors acknowledge the ongoing support of the Mater Foundation. We apologize to those groups who made important contributions that could not be considered here due to space limitations.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Sherman S. Leung, Josephine M. Forbes, and Danielle J. Borg declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any unpublished studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherman S. Leung
    • 1
    • 2
  • Josephine M. Forbes
    • 1
    • 3
  • Danielle J. Borg
    • 1
  1. 1.Glycation and Diabetes, Mater Research Institute, Translational Research InstituteThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.School of Biomedical SciencesThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Mater Clinical School, School of MedicineThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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