Current Diabetes Reports

, 16:9 | Cite as

Diabetes Distress Among Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: a Systematic Review

  • Virginia Hagger
  • Christel Hendrieckx
  • Jackie Sturt
  • Timothy C. Skinner
  • Jane Speight
Psychosocial Aspects (S Jaser and KK Hood, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Psychosocial Aspects

Abstract

Diabetes distress (DD) refers to the negative emotions arising from living with diabetes and the burden of self-management. Among adults, the prevalence and significance of DD are well established, but this is not the case among adolescents. This systematic review investigated among adolescents with type 1 diabetes: the prevalence of DD; demographic, clinical, behavioral and psychosocial correlates of DD and interventions that reduce DD. Consistent with adult studies, around one third of adolescents experience elevated DD and this is frequently associated with suboptimal glycemic control, low self-efficacy and reduced self-care. Three measures of DD have been developed specifically for adolescents, as those designed for adults may not be sufficiently sensitive to adolescent concerns. Interventions reducing DD in the short term include strategies such as cognitive restructuring, goal setting and problem solving. Further work is needed to investigate sustainability of effect. Rigorous research is needed to progress this field among adolescents.

Keywords

Adolescent Type 1 diabetes Emotions Psychological stress Distress Review 

Supplementary material

11892_2015_694_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 16.7 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virginia Hagger
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christel Hendrieckx
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jackie Sturt
    • 3
  • Timothy C. Skinner
    • 4
  • Jane Speight
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.The Australian Centre for Behavioural Research in DiabetesDiabetes VictoriaMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development, School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia
  3. 3.Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.School of Psychological and Clinical SciencesCharles Darwin UniversityNorthern TerritoryAustralia
  5. 5.AHP ResearchHornchurchUK

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