Current Diabetes Reports

, 15:109 | Cite as

Mobile Phone and Smartphone Technologies for Diabetes Care and Self-Management

  • Laura F. Garabedian
  • Dennis Ross-Degnan
  • J. Frank Wharam
Health Care Delivery Systems and Implementation in Diabetes (EB Morton-Eggleston, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Health Care Delivery Systems and Implementation in Diabetes


Mobile and smartphone (mHealth) technologies have the potential to improve diabetes care and self-management, but little is known about their effectiveness and how patients, providers, and payers currently interact with them. We conducted a systematic review and found only 20 peer-reviewed articles, published since 2010, with robust evidence about the effectiveness of mHealth interventions for diabetes. The majority of these interventions showed improvement on primary endpoints, such as HbA1c; mHealth technologies that interacted with both patients and providers were more likely to be effective. There was little evidence about persistent use by patients, use by a patient’s health care provider, or long-term effectiveness. None of the studies discussed regulatory oversight of mHealth technologies or payer reimbursement for them. No robust studies evaluated the more than 1100 publicly available smartphone apps for diabetes. More research with valid study designs and longer follow-up is needed to evaluate the impact of mHealth technologies for diabetes care and self-management.


Diabetes Self-management mHealth Mobile phones Smartphone applications 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Laura F. Garabedian and Dennis Ross-Degnan report personal fees from the Hospital Corporation of America (HCA).

J. Frank Wharam declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

11892_2015_680_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
Appendix (DOCX 22.6 kb)


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura F. Garabedian
    • 1
  • Dennis Ross-Degnan
    • 1
  • J. Frank Wharam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Population MedicineHarvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care InstituteBostonUSA

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