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Current Diabetes Reports

, 15:93 | Cite as

Is There a Relationship Between Oral Health and Diabetic Neuropathy?

  • Wenche S. BorgnakkeEmail author
  • Patricia F. Anderson
  • Carol Shannon
  • Anca Jivanescu
Microvascular Complications—Neuropathy (R Pop-Busui, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Microvascular Complications—Neuropathy

Abstract

Diabetic neuropathy is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus with high morbidity and mortality, and low quality of life. It has a broad spectrum of clinical forms, although distal symmetrical polyneuropathy is the most prevalent. Several oral complications including burning mouth syndrome, dry mouth, and impairment of the senses taste and smell are less-known manifestations of diabetic neuropathy and often overlooked. Periodontitis, tooth loss, and temporomandibular joint dysfunction may be also present in these patients and are equally debilitating. Periodontitis was declared the sixth complication of diabetes in 1993 and may contribute to poor glucose control. Hence, periodontitis and diabetes mutually and adversely affect each other. This review summarizes the available body of scientific literature that discusses oral manifestations in patients with diabetic neuropathy and identifies important areas where more research is needed.

Keywords

Burning mouth syndrome Diabetic neuropathies Dysgeusia Glossodynia Hyposalivation Inflammation Interprofessional relations Mouth dryness Periodontitis Periodontal treatment Xerostomia 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Wenche S. Borgnakke, Patricia F. Anderson, Carol Shannon, and Anca Jivanescu declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenche S. Borgnakke
    • 4
    Email author
  • Patricia F. Anderson
    • 1
  • Carol Shannon
    • 2
  • Anca Jivanescu
    • 3
  1. 1.Emerging Technologies Informationist, Taubman Health Sciences LibraryUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Informationist, Academic & Clinical Engagement, Taubman Health Sciences LibraryUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Victor Babes” TimisoaraTimisoaraRomania
  4. 4.Department of Periodontics and Oral MedicineUniversity of Michigan School of DentistryAnn ArborUSA

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