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Current Diabetes Reports

, 15:3 | Cite as

Type 2 Diabetes in Youth in South Asia

  • P. A. Praveen
  • S. Ram Kumar
  • Nikhil TandonEmail author
Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes (PS Zeitler, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract

People of South Asian origin are at a high risk of developing diabetes compared to that of other ethnic groups. Recent evidence suggests an emerging epidemic of youth-onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the region, in parallel with the childhood obesity epidemic. Many risk factors such as foetal and early-life influences, the South Asian phenotype, family history of diabetes and environment factors are responsible for the early occurrence of T2DM in South Asia. The high risk supports the need for the opportunistic screening of children and adolescents for diabetes in South Asian countries. Early detection, lifestyle modification, weight reduction and drugs are central to the care of children with T2DM. Both population-based preventive strategies and interventions targeting children and adolescents with obesity and impaired glucose tolerance are required to combat the epidemic of youth-onset T2DM in South Asia.

Keywords

Youth-onset diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus South Asia Childhood obesity Impaired glucose tolerance South Asian phenotype Insulin resistance Metabolic syndrome 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Praveen P A, Ram Kumar S and Nikhil Tandon declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Endocrinology and MetabolismAll India Institute of Medical SciencesAnsari NagarIndia
  2. 2.Department of Diabetology and EndocrinologyApollo HospitalsChennaiIndia

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