Current Diabetes Reports

, 14:508 | Cite as

Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes in Children: Epidemiology and Treatment

  • Elizabeth R. Pulgaron
  • Alan M. DelamaterEmail author
Obesity (J McCaffery, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Obesity


The incidence of overweight and obesity among children has increased dramatically in recent decades, with about one-third of children in the U.S. currently being either overweight or obese. Being overweight in early childhood increases risk for later obesity. There is evidence for the efficacy of family-based behavioral treatment to control weight and improve health outcomes. Obesity-related health risks have been documented, including metabolic syndrome. There is also increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among youth in recent years, with obesity and family history of T2D generally present. Lower income and ethnic minority status are associated with both obesity and T2D in youth. Most youth with T2D do not achieve optimal glycemic control, and are at high risk for later health complications. Obesity and T2D represent significant public health issues with potentially great personal and societal cost. Research addressing the prevention of obesity and T2D among youth is urgently needed.


Children Adolescents Overweight Obese Type 2 diabetes Treatment Prevention 



The authors are grateful for the assistance provided by Maria Toro in the preparation of this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Elizabeth R. Pulgaron and Alan M. Delamater declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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