Race/Ethnic Difference in Diabetes and Diabetic Complications
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Health disparities in diabetes and its complications and comorbidities exist globally. A recent Endocrine Society Scientific Statement described the Health Disparities in several endocrine disorders, including type 2 diabetes. In this review, we summarize that statement and provide novel updates on race/ethnic differences in children and adults with type 1 diabetes, children with type 2 diabetes, and in Latino subpopulations. We also review race/ethnic differences in the epidemiology of diabetes, prediabetes, and diabetes complications and mortality in the United States and globally. Finally, we discuss biological, behavioral, social, environmental, and health system contributors to diabetes disparities to identify areas for future preventive interventions.
KeywordsDiabetes Disparities Ethnic Race Diabetes complications Prediabetes
Dr. Spanakis was supported by an institutional training grant from the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive, and Kidney Diseases (T32 DK062707). Dr. Golden was supported by a Program Project Grant for the Johns Hopkins Center to Eliminate Cardiovascular Health Disparities from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (P50 HL0105187).
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Elias K. Spanakis declares that he has no conflict of interest. Sherita Hill Golden declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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