Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 509–516 | Cite as

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Central Nervous System in Diabetic Neuropathy

  • Iain D. Wilkinson
  • Dinesh Selvarajah
  • Marni Greig
  • Pallai Shillo
  • Elaine Boland
  • Rajiv Gandhi
  • Solomon Tesfaye
Microvascular Complications-Neuropathy (D Ziegler, Section Editor)

Abstract

Diabetic ‘peripheral’ neuropathy (DPN) is one of the common sequelae to the development of both type-1 and type-2 diabetes mellitus. Neuropathy has a major negative impact on quality of life. Abnormalities in both peripheral vasculature and nerve function are well documented and, in addition, evidence is emerging regarding changes within the central nervous system (CNS) that are concomitant with the presence of DPN. The often-resistant nature of DPN to medical treatment highlights the need to understand the role of the CNS in neuropathic symptomatology and progression, as this may modulate therapeutic approaches. Advanced neuroimaging techniques, especially those that can provide quantitative measures of structure and function, can provide objective markers of CNS status. With that comes great potential for not only furthering our understanding of involvement of the CNS in neuropathic etiology but also most importantly aiding the development of new and more effective, targeted, analgesic interventions.

Keywords

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy Neuroimaging Magnetic resonance imaging Brain Spine Central nervous system 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Iain D. Wilkinson declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Dinesh Selvarajah declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Marni Greig declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Pallai Shillo declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Elaine Boland declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Rajiv Gandhi declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Solomon Tesfaye declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iain D. Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Dinesh Selvarajah
    • 2
  • Marni Greig
    • 1
    • 3
  • Pallai Shillo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Elaine Boland
    • 1
  • Rajiv Gandhi
    • 3
  • Solomon Tesfaye
    • 3
  1. 1.Academic RadiologyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Academic Diabetes, Endocrinology & MetabolismUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Diabetes ResearchRoyal Hallamshire HospitalSheffieldUK

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