Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 34–42 | Cite as

Role of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in the Management of Diabetic Pregnancy

  • Niranjala M. Hewapathirana
  • Esther O’Sullivan
  • Helen R. Murphy
Diabetes and Pregnancy (CJ Homko, Section Editor)


Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) with intermittent capillary glucose fingerstick tests is currently the universally accepted method of glucose monitoring in pregnancy. During pregnancy SMBG tests are recommended before and after meals and before bed (typically 7 values/d). Continuous glucose monitoring systems consist of a disposable subcutaneous glucose-sensing device, electrochemically measuring glucose levels in subcutaneous tissues every 10 seconds, providing an average interstitial glucose value every 5 minutes (typically 288 values/d). From a research perspective this provides unprecedented insights into the pathophysiology of glucose metabolism, while from a clinical perspective it can facilitate enhanced patient-professional decision making, patient motivation, and improved glycaemic control. CGM has thus been described as a “roadmap for effective self-management” and as a “stepping stone in the journey towards a cure.” This review will consider the lessons learned and evidence supporting current and potential future use of CGM in the management of diabetes in pregnancy.


Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Pregnancy Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) Continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMS) Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) Pregestational diabetes Gestational diabetes 



Conflicts of interest: N.M. Hewapathirana: none; E. O’Sullivan: has received grant support from Novo Nordisk (Research Fellowship 2012/13); support for travel to meetings for the study or otherwise from Pfizer, Sanofi Aventis, MSD

Eli Lilly (travel to ECE/ADA/EASD/Diabetes UK meetings 2008–2012); H.R Murphy: has received grant support from NIHR (HRM Personal Fellowship); is on the European Advisory Board for Medtronic; has received payment for development of educational presentations including service on speakers’ bureaus from Novo Nordisk, Medtronic (CGM manufacturer), and Sanofi-Aventis; has received travel/accommodations expenses covered or reimbursed from Novo Nordisk, Medtronic (CGM manufacturer), and Sanofi-Aventis.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Niranjala M. Hewapathirana
    • 1
  • Esther O’Sullivan
    • 2
  • Helen R. Murphy
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.MRCP, Queens Medical CentreNottingham University Hospitals NHS TrustNottinghamUK
  2. 2.University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories and NIHR Cambridge Biomedical Research CentreAddenbrooke’s HospitalCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Level 4 Metabolic Research LaboratoriesInstitute of Metabolic ScienceCambridgeUK

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