Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 88–92 | Cite as

Determining Genetic Risk Factors for Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes

Pediatric Type 2 Diabetes (M Freemark, Section Editor)

Abstract

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing significantly in the pediatric population. A strong family history of the disease suggests the involvement of genetic factors for diabetes development, but defining the molecular genetics of T2D in children is difficult due to a low number of subjects and the lack of robust diagnostic criteria. Thus, genetic studies of T2D have been carried out almost exclusively in adults. In this review, the genetics of T2D is summarized and options for discovering the missing heritability explored. The review concludes with a discussion of future research that will be required for determining genetic risk factors for pediatric T2D.

Keywords

Pediatric type 2 diabetes Genetics Susceptibility genes Missing heritability Genetic risk factors 

Notes

Disclosure

No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medical and Health SciencesUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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