Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 236–243

Imaging of Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Macular Edema



Imaging of the retinal complications of diabetes mellitus is rapidly changing from the emergence of new technology such as optical coherence tomography. In particular, the characterization of diabetic macular edema is much easier for the clinician and there are new, more sensitive clinical research end points. However, our understanding of structure-functional relationships remains suboptimal and the classification of macular edema by optical coherence tomography continues to evolve. The classification of diabetic retinopathy severity continues to rely upon fundus photography, although the transition from film to digital photography presents both challenges and advantages.


Diabetic retinopathy severity Diabetic macular edema Optical coherence tomography Fundus photography Fluorescein angiography Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy Photoreceptor outer segments Clinical trials Digital imaging Image quality ETDRS 


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ophthalmology and Visual SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison Fundus Photograph Reading CenterMadisonUSA
  2. 2.EmeritusUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison Fundus Photograph Reading CenterMadisonUSA

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