Current Diabetes Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 257–262 | Cite as

Genetic susceptibility of diabetic retinopathy

  • Shrena Patel
  • Haoyu Chen
  • Nicholas H. Tinkham
  • Kang Zhang
Article

Abstract

Diabetes continues to be a major source of morbidity and mortality among working-age adults nationally and internationally. The microvascular complications of diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, account for a major proportion of disease-associated morbidity and likely contribute to macrovascular complications. Although glycemic control contributes to susceptibility for diabetic complications, some people with strict control develop these complications, whereas others with poor control remain complication free. This suggests a genetic contribution to disease development. Although many genes and proteins of vascular growth have been studied in association with diabetic retinopathy, no definitive major predisposing genes or functional consequences of genetic variants have been identified for microvascular complications of the disease. In this article, we review the studies done on candidate genes.

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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrena Patel
  • Haoyu Chen
  • Nicholas H. Tinkham
  • Kang Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Moran Eye CenterUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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