Alcohol consumption and risk of coronary heart disease among individuals with type 2 diabetes
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The epidemiologic evidence on the association between moderate alcohol intake and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), biological mechanisms for this association, and potential hazards of alcohol intake in individuals with type 2 diabetes is reviewed here. Three prospective cohort studies have examined the association between alcohol consumption and risk of CHD among diabetics. The results indicated significant risk reductions, ranging from 34% to 79%, associated with light to moderate alcohol intake. Potential mechanisms include increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, decreased coagulation, and enhanced insulin sensitivity. Alcohol intake is also associated with certain risks among diabetics. However, for moderate alcohol consumption, the benefits would likely outweigh the risks.
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