Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening of Student-Athletes with Echocardiography: Ethical, Clinical, Economic, and Legal Considerations
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Purpose of Review
To identify whether the use of echocardiography is a viable approach for the screening of athletes for the prevention of sudden cardiac death when considering ethical, clinical, economic, and legal issues.
Ethical musings, echocardiographic findings, economic calculations, and legal analysis suggest that echocardiographic screening may reduce sudden cardiac death on the athletic field.
Ethical, clinical, economic, and legal considerations suggest echocardiographic screening is a viable option to meet the societal goal to prevent athletic field sudden death.
KeywordsPreparticipation screening Echocardiography Ethics Economics Liability Sudden athlete cardiac death
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Zachary R. Paterick and Timothy E. Paterick declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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