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Recent Advances in Congenital Heart Surgery: Alternative Perfusion Strategies for Infant Aortic Arch Repair

  • Andrew J. LodgeEmail author
  • Nicholas D. Andersen
  • Joseph W. Turek
Congenital Heart Disease (RA Krasuski, Section Editor)
  • 26 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Congenital Heart Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This paper will discuss current cannulation strategies for infant aortic arch repair and compare them to more traditionally used techniques.

Recent Findings

Aortic arch reconstruction in infants has traditionally involved deep hypothermic circulatory arrest which results in total body ischemia. This has been associated with an increased risk of morbidity including bleeding, renal dysfunction, and neurologic injury. Advances in perfusion techniques have allowed for preserved perfusion to the brain during arch repair. Current techniques have further evolved that allow for continuous perfusion of the heart and even the lower body during arch reconstruction.

Summary

With current techniques, aortic arch reconstruction in infants can be performed with continuous perfusion to the brain, heart, and lower body. Further technical refinements will be helpful, and study is necessary to evaluate the benefit of these strategies.

Keywords

Aortic arch Perfusion Cardiopulmonary bypass Infant Congenital heart surgery 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Andrew J. Lodge, Nicholas D. Andersen, and Joseph W. Turek declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All cited studies performed by the authors have been approved by the appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with the ethical standards as laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Lodge
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nicholas D. Andersen
    • 2
  • Joseph W. Turek
    • 2
  1. 1.Duke University Medical Center, Pediatric and Congenital Heart Center, Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic SurgeryDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Pediatric and Congenital Heart CenterDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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