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Current Cardiology Reports

, 20:127 | Cite as

Psychosocial Stressors at Work and Ambulatory Blood Pressure

  • Xavier Trudel
  • Chantal Brisson
  • Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet
  • Alain Milot
Psychological Aspects of Cardiovascular Diseases (A Steptoe, Section Editor)
  • 86 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Psychological Aspects of Cardiovascular Diseases

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Psychosocial stressors at work from the demand-latitude and effort-reward imbalance models are adverse exposures affecting about 20–25% of workers in industrialized countries. This review aims to summarize evidence on the effect of these stressors on blood pressure (BP).

Recent Findings

Three systematic reviews have recently documented the effect of these psychosocial stressors at work on BP. Among exposed workers, statistically significant BP increases ranging from 1.5 to 11 mmHg have been observed in prospective studies using ambulatory BP (ABP). Recent studies using ABP have shown a deleterious effect of these psychosocial stressors at work on masked hypertension as well as on blood pressure control in pharmacologically treated patients.

Summary

Evidence on the effect of these psychosocial stressors on BP supports the relevance to tackle these upstream factors for primary prevention and to reduce the burden of poor BP control. There is a need for increased public health and clinical awareness of the occupational etiology of high BP, hypertension, and poor BP control.

Keywords

Psychosocial stressors at work Job strain Effort-reward imbalance Ambulatory blood pressure Masked hypertension Hypertension control 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Xavier Trudel, Chantal Brisson, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, and Alain Milot declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xavier Trudel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chantal Brisson
    • 1
  • Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet
    • 3
  • Alain Milot
    • 4
  1. 1.Social and Preventive Medicine DepartmentLaval UniversityQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Axe santé des populations et pratiques optimales en santéCHU de Québec-Université LavalQuebecCanada
  3. 3.Institute for Work and HealthTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Department of MedicineLaval UniversityQuebecCanada

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