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The Role of Text Messaging in Cardiovascular Risk Factor Optimization

  • Harry KlimisEmail author
  • Mohammad Ehsan Khan
  • Cindy Kok
  • Clara K. Chow
Ischemic Heart Disease (D Mukherjee, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Ischemic Heart Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Many cases of CVD may be avoidable through lowering behavioural risk factors such as smoking and physical inactivity. Mobile health (mHealth) provides a novel opportunity to deliver cardiovascular prevention programs in a format that is potentially scalable. Here, we provide an overview of text messaging-based mHealth interventions in cardiovascular prevention.

Recent Findings

Text messaging-based interventions appear effective on a range of behavioural risk factors and can effect change on multiple risk factors—e.g. smoking, weight, blood pressure—simultaneously. For many texting studies, there are challenges in interpretation as many texting interventions are part of larger complex interventions making it difficult to determine the benefits of the separate components.

Summary

Whilst there is evidence for text messaging improving cardiovascular risk factor levels in the short-term, future studies are needed to examine the durability of these effects and whether they can be translated to improvements in clinical care and outcomes.

Keywords

mHealth Mobile health Cardiovascular disease Text message SMS Risk factors 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Clara K. Chow is supported by National Health and Medical Research Council Career Development Award (APP1033478) co-funded by the National Heart Foundation of Australia and Sydney Medical Foundation Chapmen Fellowship. She reports speaker fees paid to her institution from Astra Zeneca, Sanofi, Pfizer and Amgen. She is also an author of some of the literature that has been referenced in this paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Harry Klimis, Mohammad Ehsan Khan and Cindy Kok declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Klimis
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mohammad Ehsan Khan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cindy Kok
    • 3
  • Clara K. Chow
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyWestmead HospitalWentworthvilleAustralia
  3. 3.The George Institute for Global HealthSydneyAustralia

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