Current Cardiology Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 265–275 | Cite as

Role of Self-Care in the Patient with Heart Failure

Congestive Heart Failure (J Lindenfeld, Section Editor)


Optimal outcomes and quality of life for patients with heart failure depend on engagement in effective self-care activities. Self-care is a complex set of activities and most clinicians are not adequately prepared to assist their patients to engage in effective self-care. In this paper, we provide an overview of self-care that includes definitions, the importance of self-care to outcomes, the physiologic basis for better outcomes with good self-care, cultural perspectives of self-care, and recommendations for the improvement of self-care. Promotion of effective self-care by all clinicians could substantially reduce the economic and personal burden of repeated rehospitalizations among patients with heart failure.


Self-care Heart failure Outcomes Self-management 



Conflicts of interest: D.K. Moser: has received grant support from the National Institutes of Health (NIH); V. Dickson: none; T. Jaarsma: none; C. Lee: is employed by Oregon Health & Science University; and has received grant support from NIH/NINR, American Heart Association, and NIH/ORWH; A. Stromberg: none; B. Riegel: has received grant support from the NHLBI.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debra K. Moser
    • 1
  • Victoria Dickson
    • 2
  • Tiny Jaarsma
    • 3
  • Christopher Lee
    • 4
  • Anna Stromberg
    • 5
    • 6
  • Barbara Riegel
    • 7
  1. 1.University of Kentucky, College of NursingLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.New York University College of NursingNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Faculty of Health SciencesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  4. 4.Oregon Health & Science UniversityPortlandUSA
  5. 5.Division of Nursing Science, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health SciencesLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  6. 6.Department of Cardiology, UHLCounty Council of ÖstergötlandLinköpingSweden
  7. 7.University of Pennsylvania, School of NursingPhiladelphiaUSA

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