Current Cardiology Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 271–279

Role of Coronary Artery Calcium Score and Coronary CT Angiography in the Diagnosis and Risk Stratification of Individuals with Suspected Coronary Artery Disease

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11886-011-0191-4

Cite this article as:
Wilson, S.R., Lin, F.Y. & Min, J.K. Curr Cardiol Rep (2011) 13: 271. doi:10.1007/s11886-011-0191-4

Abstract

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, and has traditionally been assessed through a patient’s cardiovascular risk profile that is comprised of a combination of genetic, social, physiologic, and environmental factors. A growing discordance is being recognized in the ability of current risk estimation tools to predict outcomes versus that of actual measured outcomes. Exciting new improvements in technology have made noninvasive imaging modalities of the heart—in particular, coronary artery calcium score (CACS) and coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography—an increasingly important component in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. The CACS has been found to be a marker of vascular injury that correlates closely with overall atherosclerotic burden, whereas coronary CT angiography permits detection of noncalcified plaque coronary artery stenosis severity. A growing body of literature has developed detailing the valuable prognostic utility of these tests in the management of patients and how they may 1 day be used to complement current risk prediction models.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis Coronary artery disease Cardiovascular imaging Coronary calcium score Coronary computed tomography angiography Risk stratification Prognosis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Greenberg Division of Cardiology, Department of MedicineWeill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyWeill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Cedars-Sinai Heart InstituteCedars-Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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